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ANTECEDENTES Y PROBLEMÁTICA

[vc_row][vc_column][rev_slider_vc alias=”slide-4″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row full_width=”stretch_row_content”][vc_column css_animation=”fadeIn” width=”1/3″ css=”.vc_custom_1537317914391{margin-bottom: 20px !important;background-image: url(http://biohogar.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/ice-glacier-arctic-iceberg-norway-freezing-870312-pxhere.com_.jpg?id=1425) !important;background-position: center !important;background-repeat: no-repeat !important;background-size: cover !important;}” el_class=”nd_options_text_align_center”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”nd_options_bg_greydark_alpha_gradient_3″ css=”.vc_custom_1486057986592{padding-top: 140px !important;padding-bottom: 140px !important;}”][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h5″ nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_second_font” nd_options_text_align=”center” nd_options_text=”CLIMA” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”2″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h2″ nd_options_text_weight=”normal” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text_align=”center” nd_options_text=”Cambio climático” nd_options_text_font_size=”25″ nd_options_text_line_height=”25″ nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff”][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”20″][nd_options_button nd_options_padding=”8px 12px” nd_options_font_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_link=”url:%23clima|title:LEER%20M%C3%81S||” nd_options_bg_color=”#ef884c” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_border_radius=”20″ nd_options_font_size=”13″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][vc_column css_animation=”fadeIn” width=”1/3″ css=”.vc_custom_1537318012764{margin-bottom: 20px !important;background-image: url(http://biohogar.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/sea-water-ocean-animal-diving-wildlife-1364940-pxhere.com_.jpg?id=1421) !important;background-position: center !important;background-repeat: no-repeat !important;background-size: cover !important;}” el_class=”nd_options_text_align_center”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”nd_options_bg_greydark_alpha_gradient_3″ css=”.vc_custom_1486058072563{padding-top: 140px !important;padding-bottom: 140px !important;}”][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h5″ nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_second_font” nd_options_text_align=”center” nd_options_text=”OCÉANOS” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”2″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h2″ nd_options_text_weight=”normal” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text_align=”center” nd_options_text=”Los océanos y la vida marina” nd_options_text_font_size=”25″ nd_options_text_line_height=”25″ nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff”][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”20″][nd_options_button nd_options_padding=”8px 12px” nd_options_font_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_link=”url:%23oceanos|title:LEER%20M%C3%81S||” nd_options_bg_color=”#efc94c” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_border_radius=”20″ nd_options_font_size=”13″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][vc_column css_animation=”fadeIn” width=”1/3″ css=”.vc_custom_1537318092432{margin-bottom: 20px !important;background-image: url(http://biohogar.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/QKVG_145_.jpg?id=1412) !important;background-position: center !important;background-repeat: no-repeat !important;background-size: cover !important;}” el_class=”nd_options_text_align_center”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class=”nd_options_bg_greydark_alpha_gradient_3″ css=”.vc_custom_1486058081302{padding-top: 140px !important;padding-bottom: 140px !important;}”][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h5″ nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_second_font” nd_options_text_align=”center” nd_options_text=”PLÁSTICO” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”2″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h2″ nd_options_text_weight=”normal” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text_align=”center” nd_options_text=”Plástico, micro plástico y cadena alimenticia” nd_options_text_font_size=”25″ nd_options_text_line_height=”25″ nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff”][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”20″][nd_options_button nd_options_padding=”8px 12px” nd_options_font_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_link=”url:%23plastico|title:LEER%20M%C3%81S||” nd_options_bg_color=”#d55342″ nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_border_radius=”20″ nd_options_font_size=”13″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1485781222977{margin-top: 50px !important;}”][vc_column el_id=”clima”][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h4″ nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_second_font” nd_options_text=”CLIMA” nd_options_text_color=”#a3a3a3″ nd_options_text_font_size=”20″ nd_options_text_line_height=”20″ nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”2″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h1″ nd_options_text_weight=”bold” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO” nd_options_text_font_size=”50″ nd_options_text_line_height=”50″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″ css=”.vc_custom_1537319141032{padding: 20px !important;}”][vc_images_carousel images=”1422,1420,1425″ img_size=”600×400″ autoplay=”yes”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″ css=”.vc_custom_1537319232437{margin-top: 30px !important;margin-left: 30px !important;}”][vc_column_text]El cambio climático es uno de los mayores desafíos de nuestro tiempo y supone una presión adicional para nuestras sociedades y el medio ambiente. Los efectos del cambio climático son de alcance mundial y de una escala sin precedentes.

Los gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) se producen de manera natural y son esenciales para la supervivencia de los seres humanos y de millones de otros seres vivos ya que, al impedir que parte del calor del sol se propague hacia el espacio, hacen la Tierra habitable. La concentración de GEI en la atmósfera terrestre está directamente relacionada con la temperatura media mundial de la Tierra; esta concentración ha ido aumentando progresivamente desde la Revolución Industrial y, con ella, la temperatura mundial. El GEI más abundante, el dióxido de carbono (CO2), es resultado de la quema de combustibles fósiles.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1492696465362{margin-top: 20px !important;}”][vc_column width=”1/2″ css=”.vc_custom_1485871782386{padding-right: 0px !important;padding-left: 0px !important;}”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″ css=”.vc_custom_1486058855773{padding-top: 15px !important;padding-right: 30px !important;padding-bottom: 15px !important;padding-left: 30px !important;}”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row full_width=”stretch_row” parallax=”content-moving” parallax_image=”184″ css=”.vc_custom_1491931825693{margin-top: 50px !important;padding-top: 100px !important;padding-bottom: 100px !important;}”][vc_column width=”3/12″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”15″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h3″ nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”ÚNETE” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”2″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”5″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h1″ nd_options_text_weight=”normal” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”NECESITAMOS TU AYUDA” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_font_size=”50″ nd_options_text_line_height=”50″ nd_options_class=”nd_options_margin_bottom_20_responsive”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”7/12″ css=”.vc_custom_1537320632495{margin-right: 100px !important;margin-left: 50px !important;}”][nd_donations_donation_form nd_donations_width=”nd_donations_width_33_percentage nd_donations_float_left” nd_donations_style=”nd_donations_donation_form_opacity_style” nd_donations_adv_options=”nd_donations_adv_options_yes” nd_learning_hide_city=”1″ nd_learning_hide_country=”1″ nd_learning_hide_message=”1″ nd_learning_btn_full_width=”1″ nd_donations_color=”#00bea2″][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/12″ css=”.vc_custom_1537320654410{margin-left: 30px !important;}”][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”15″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h3″ nd_options_text_weight=”normal” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”Donate to our Association.” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_line_height=”25″ nd_options_class=”nd_options_text_align_center_responsive nd_options_margin_top_20_responsive”][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”25″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h3″ nd_options_text_weight=”normal” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”Check all our causes !” nd_options_text_color=”#00bea2″ nd_options_text_line_height=”25″ nd_options_class=”nd_options_text_align_center_responsive”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1484649117073{margin-top: 60px !important;}”][vc_column el_id=”oceanos”][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h4″ nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_second_font” nd_options_text=”OCÉANOS” nd_options_text_color=”#a3a3a3″ nd_options_text_font_size=”20″ nd_options_text_line_height=”20″ nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”2″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h1″ nd_options_text_weight=”bold” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”LOS OCÉANOS Y LA VIDA MARINA” nd_options_text_font_size=”50″ nd_options_text_line_height=”50″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1486035300058{margin-top: 60px !important;}”][vc_column width=”1/2″ css=”.vc_custom_1485354113019{padding-right: 30px !important;padding-left: 30px !important;}”][vc_column_text]Los océanos ocupan tres cuartas partes de la superficie de la Tierra, contienen 97% del agua de la Tierra y representan el 99% del espacio vital del planeta por volumen. Más de tres mil millones de personas dependen de la diversidad biológica marina y costera para sus medios de vida. Constituyen el hábitat de numerosas especies, contienen cerca de 200.000 especies identificadas, pero las cifras reales pueden ser del orden de millones. Los océanos son un ecosistema muy apreciado para el turismo y el descanso.

Los océanos producen la mitad del oxígeno que usamos para respirar y absorben aproximadamente el 30 por ciento del dióxido de carbono producido por los seres humanos, reduciendo así el impacto del calentamiento global; Son reguladores del clima global. Debido a las enormes cantidades de emisiones de CO2 que vertemos a la atmósfera, los océanos se ven alterados, física, química y biológicamente, lo que se suma a las amenazas de la sobrepesca y la contaminación. El daño que provoca el CO2, al ser la principal causa del cambio climático, se añade el efecto que produce al volver las aguas ácidas.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][nd_options_focus nd_options_layout=”layout-6″ nd_options_image=”1427″ nd_options_title=”OCÉANOS”][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”30″][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][nd_options_focus nd_options_layout=”layout-6″ nd_options_image=”1423″ nd_options_title=”VIDA” nd_options_link=”url:%23|||”][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][nd_options_focus nd_options_layout=”layout-6″ nd_options_image=”1417″ nd_options_title=”MARINA” nd_options_link=”url:%23|||”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column css_animation=”fadeInUp”][vc_column_text]

Ocho millones de toneladas de plástico entran a los mares cada año, causando anualmente la muerte de flora y fauna. El vertido de plástico a los mares ha alcanzado tal escala que ya es una “crisis planetaria” según Lisa Svensson, directora de océanos del Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente, PNUMA.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row full_width=”stretch_row” content_placement=”top” parallax=”content-moving” parallax_image=”1430″ css_animation=”fadeInUp” css=”.vc_custom_1537329042213{margin-top: 70px !important;padding-top: 90px !important;padding-bottom: 90px !important;}” el_class=”nd_options_vc_parallax_filter_1_3″ el_id=”plastico”][vc_column width=”2/4″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h1″ nd_options_text_weight=”normal” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”Nuestros aliados” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_font_size=”50″ nd_options_text_line_height=”50″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”30″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”p” nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_second_font” nd_options_text=”ONU / PNUMA Instituciones de gobierno Agencias de turismo y buceo Universidades y organismos de la sociedad civil” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_text_font_size=”13″ nd_options_text_line_height=”25″ nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”3″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”30″][nd_options_button nd_options_padding=”15px 25px” nd_options_font_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_link=”url:%23polipo|title:LEER%20M%C3%81S||” nd_options_text_color=”#ffffff” nd_options_font_size=”16″ nd_options_border_radius=”25″ nd_options_border_width=”0″ nd_options_bg_color=”#efc94c”][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/4″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_image nd_options_align=”center” nd_options_width=”40%” nd_options_image=”1428″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/4″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_image nd_options_align=”center” nd_options_width=”40%” nd_options_image=”1429″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css=”.vc_custom_1537329032876{margin-top: 70px !important;}”][vc_column][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h4″ nd_options_text_weight=”lighter” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_second_font” nd_options_text=”PLÁSTICO” nd_options_text_color=”#a3a3a3″ nd_options_text_font_size=”20″ nd_options_text_line_height=”20″ nd_options_text_letter_spacing=”2″][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”10″][nd_options_text nd_options_text_tag=”h1″ nd_options_text_weight=”bold” nd_options_text_family=”nd_options_first_font” nd_options_text=”PLÁSTICO, MICRO PLÁSTICO Y CADENA ALIMENTICIA” nd_options_text_font_size=”50″ nd_options_text_line_height=”50″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][nd_options_spacer nd_options_height=”30″][vc_text_separator title=”Cada año se lanzan al mar 8 millones de toneladas de plásticos que al degradarse se convierten en micropartículas.” style=”shadow” border_width=”2″ css_animation=”fadeInUp”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]

Cada año se lanzan al mar 8 millones de toneladas de plásticos que al degradarse se convierten en micropartículas. A este ritmo, en el año 2050 en el mar habrá un volumen mayor de plástico que de peces, según la Fundación Ellen MacArthur. Los objetos de plástico no se degradan, sino que se convierten en partículas menores de 5 mm de diámetro debido a la acción del sol, a la oxidación y a la acción física de las olas, las corrientes o los mordiscos de peces y aves, exterminando, contaminando y enfermando todo a su paso.

La Autoridad Europea de Seguridad Alimentaria pidió que se realicen urgentemente más investigaciones sobre los efectos en la salud causados por la presencia de “micro plásticos contaminantes en los tejidos comestibles del pescado comercial”. Los daños en la salud son causados por el polímero y sobre todo por los componentes tóxicos que incorporan, como bisfenoles, ftalatos, anti-microbianos, retardantes de llama, colorantes y otros agentes químicos.

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